What Causes Basement Floor Cracks and What Risks Are Associated with This Problem?

Each and every single home is unique; however, many experience issues that are quite common. One of these prevalent issues is cracks in the basement floor.

As a homeowner, it is imperative that you learn what causes these types of cracks to occur and the risks that often result from this issue.

In doing so, you are one step closer to resolution. In this guide, you will learn just that. If you have basement floor cracks, continue reading to learn more.

Common Causes

Generally speaking, there are three main reasons that your basement floors may become cracked. These include settlement, shrinkage, and – in the colder months of the year – frost heave. Below, you will find a brief explanation of issue of these issues:

  1. Settlement – When the soil that is located beneath the foundation of your home becomes unstable and is unable to properly support the overall weight of the structure, settlement occurs. In most instances, a home is designed so that up to four inches of soil movement may occur. When the concrete slab starts to settle, cracks may develop from the movement, or from coming into contact with tree roots situated near the home. Not only will you discover cracks in your concrete basement floor, your foundation may start to suffer from damage. This is a major risk of settlement.
  2. Shrinkage – When concrete is created, it is a result of a combination of cement and of water. Once poured, curing occurs and it becomes completely solid. As the drying process takes place, shrinkage will naturally occur. The temperature that the concrete is exposed to during the curing process may result in the development of cracks. This is especially true if it is too hot or too cold. While shrinkage may cause cracks, it rarely results in structural damage pertaining to the foundation of your home; however, it may cause water to enter into the basement and dangerous substances – such as mold and mildew – to develop. Additionally, it may result in the introduction of unwanted pests into the home.
  3. Frost Heave – During the colder months of the year, the soil underneath your basement may freeze and then thaw. During the thawing process, an expansion may occur that causes a shift directly underneath the foundation of your home. This expansion results in the cracking of the concrete flooring in your basement. The risk of this is that it could result in the integrity of your home becoming compromised. Additionally, moisture and unwanted pests may find their way into your home.

Basement Floor Coatings and Concrete Repair

If your basement floor becomes cracked, there are two steps that you may take in order to resolve the issue. First, have the concrete flooring repaired. Once the repairs are completed, have your basement floor coated to enhance its overall strength and durability. We here at Concrete Coatings of the South are more than happy to assist you with these tasks. For more information, contact us immediately by calling: 706-249-4131